Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan: Who we are; Identity and Aims
This document was presented to the 13th Congress of Komala, after the debated, it was ratified by a near unanimous vote by the representatives. It demonstrates the outlook, history, aims and practical means adopted by the Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan. It is to be treated as the guidance for the leadership of Komala and all party committees, organs and members and is to be the basis of justification of the policies, enlightening actions and political teachings. In addition, Komala’s program of action for managing the economical and political issues in Kurdish society which are to be devised, shall be based on these aims and aspirations.
Abdullah Mohtadi was born in 1949 in the Kurdistan region of Iran. His father was a minister in the short-lived Kurdish Republic of Mahabad. The family later settled in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, where his father taught theology at the city’s university. Abdullah received his BA in Business at Tehran Business School.
Mohtadi became politically active while at university. With fellow Kurdish students in Tehran, he co-founded the Komala organization in 1969 as an independent party.
During the Iranian Revolution, Mohtadi led mass demonstrations and rallies in the Kurdistan region of Iran. But the nature of Mohtadi’s movement was in sharp contrast to the movement in Tehran. In Tehran and across parts of Iran, Ayatollahs controlled the movement and made it an Islamic Revolution. Meanwhile, the Kurdish movement remained democratic and did not obey the rule of the Ayatollahs.
When Ayatollah Khomeini ordered a massive onslaught against Iranian Kurds in August 1979, Mohtadi emerged as a leader of the Kurdish resistance movement.
Iran decided to negotiate with the Kurds due to pressure from the Kurdish resistance, and Mohtadi was appointed the head of Komala in the United Kurdish Delegation for negotiations.
Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan was formed in autumn 1969 among Kurdish leftist students and intellectuals in Tehran and some Kurdish towns. Since there was no political freedom in Iran, every political organization and even small student circles had to go hiding and to organize underground.
Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan was formed in autumn 1969 among Kurdish leftist students and intellectuals in Tehran and some Kurdish towns. Since there was no political freedom in Iran, every political organization and even small student circles had to go hiding and to organize underground. Komala was no exception. Like all other opposition organizations of that time, especially the leftist groups of the sixties and seventies, Komala faced severe repression.